The mirror is to receive direct radiation and to focus the radiation toward a localized area, and the receiver unit is to receive the radiation directly from the mirror and to convert the received radiation to electπcal current.
Further, described is a concentrator system so that the solar cell receives primary radiation (direct radiation from the sun) or secondary radiation (radiation from an object being heated).
The UV radiation source provides both trans-radiation and direct radiation to the gemstone, and the UV radiation source has an adjustable intensity, thus facilitating calibration of the fluorescence measuring device.
A highly resistive acoustic foam (20) is positioned in front of the loudspeaker to restrict the direct radiation of the loudspeaker, so that the usable acoustic radiation emanates from the acoustical port.
A radiation head (8), mechanically attached to the inner gantry part (1) and arranged to direct radiation to the treatment volume (12) is movable around the treatment volume (12).
A camera system for recording a transient radiation event consisting of direct (2) and scatterred (4) radiation.
Self contained lighting device independent of any energy source or recharge other than direct sun radiation.
The device may further include a direct-radiation low-frequency electrodynamic head with a corresponding low-frequency radiation reflector as well as a high-frequency electrodynamic head.
When the vehicle is parked, the vehicles tyres shall be shaded from direct sun. The location shall be shielded from any wind that may affect the results.
In areas of the mask blank having defects the combined direct and reflected radiation will be insufficient fully to expose the photoresist layer.
This reflected wave is detected by a probe (70), the output of which is combined with an attenuated and phase shifted portion of the forward radiation at a single detector.
A system and method for utilizing corner-cube reflector technology for irradiation control in direct radiant heating systems is described.
The treatment may be external beam radiation.
Alternatively, the treatment may include brachytherapy technique for treating the internal breast cavity.
The container (1) containing the lens and the solution is placed in a microwave oven and the hydrophillic contact lens (8) and the solution are both subject to direct microwave irradiation.