An espresso making machine has a short wave heating element, selected from a halogen lamp and an infra red lamp, that is semi-extemal.
This invention describes a universal method and probe for the monitoring of beer quality during fermentation, through the use of a spectroscopy UV-VIS-SWNIR (ultraviolet/ visible/short wave proxy infrared).
Chromophores that absorb both UV and short wavelength visible light are disclosed.
The present invention can be applicable to a short-wave antenna microwave system requiring a broad band and short size.
A connector assembly for interconnecting microwave integrated circuit modules where each module has at least one microwave interconnection pins and one DC power pin.
A reception unit receives a reflected wave of the short pulse wave from an object existing in the space.
The imaging system (18) has a narrow-beam high frequency RF energy source (20).
Resilient bellows and stripline are used to ensure matched impedances and secure microwave connections.
An infra-red radiation emission arrangement includes a primary source of short or medium wavelength infra-red radiation and a substrate of thermally insulating material.
A transmission unit emits a short pulse wave satisfying a predetermined spectrum mask from an antenna to a space.
Therefore more accurate, high precision alignment is achieved, the NA of the detection optical system can be increased, no special short-wave light source is needed, and the scale of the system and the cost can be reduced.
A conducting layer (78) opposite the mounting surface of the groundplane receives microwave signals from the interconnection pins extending down through it and communicates these signals between different modules.