Also disclosed is an apparatus employed for this liquefaction of coal.
Quantities consumed as energy at coal liquefaction plants.
The present invention relates to a catalytic coal liquefaction process.
Includes liquids produced from coal liquefaction plants, liquid output from coke ovens.
The process can be carried out in in situ coal liquefaction mines.
The integrated coal liquefaction process provides higher amount of liquid product per unit of coal, and has lower carbon dioxide emission.
Coal gasification and liquefaction plants.
Structures, catalysts, and reactors suitable for use for a variety of applications, including gas-to-liquid and coal-to-liquid processes and methods of forming the structures, catalysts, and reactors are disclosed.
Compositions containing coal and water which can be used as fuels and for other purposes such as feedstocks for coal gasification and liquefaction processes.