Further, the fluids are fracturing fluids, drilling fluids and wellbore treatment fluids such as acidizing fluids.
Various irrigation fluids may be used, such as cooled, oxygen supersaturated or lubricious fluids.
The esters are useful as additives in functional fluids including transmission fluids (both automatic and manual), hydraulic fluids and gear fluids.
Embodiments also relate to use of nano-particles in drilling fluids, completion fluids, stimulation fluids, and well clean-up fluids.
Compositions incorporating these antimicrobial formulations may include treated fluids, for example organic fluids or mixtures of organic fluids and aqueous fluids.
Specific apparatus may include passive fluid devices, active fluid devices, passive non-fluid devices and active non-fluid devices.
The fluid management system comprises a fluid management device, a fluid transfer system and a fluid injector.
The device comprises a closed housing having a fluid inlet, a fluid outlet and a fluid treatment zone disposed between the fluid inlet and the fluid outlet.
The first one-way valve (140) allows fluid (34) to pass only from the fluid reservoir (27) to the accumulator (30) and the second one-way valve (142) allows fluid (34) to pass only from the accumulator (30) to the fluid reservoir (27).
The blending unit blends the concentrated fluids with one or more of the additive fluids and water to continuously produce fracking fluids as needed (e.g,. fluids are continuously produced on an on-demand basis).
mineral insulating and heat transmission oils