An individuals' position in that gene tree, determined by the nature of the mutation, can then indicate ancestry, in particular to a female ancestor who lived many thousands of years ago.
For example, any layout processes that are currently being performed on any descendant nodes of a changed ancestor are abandoned, and the layout process is resumed at the changed ancestor.
An ancestor node of the node that corresponds to an item list within the web page comprising the element is identified based on at least a distribution of child tags of the ancestor node.
The method of this embodiment may also include determining that a salient ancestor of the intended referent is lower in a part-of hierarchy than a lowest common ancestor.
This recombinant gene is introduced into the animal, or an ancestor of the animal, at an embryonic stage.
Sequences having the same mutations are likely to be related, and thus an indication of probable ancestryy can be determined.
The trait can be, for example, biogeographical ancestry, a pigmentation trait, responsiveness to a drug, or susceptibility to a disease.
The methods are based at least in part on a consideration of a trait exhibited in a maternal ancestor of the animal under scrutiny.
ERSA's statistical power approaches the maximum theoretical limit imposed by the fact that distant relatives frequently share no DNA through a common ancestor.
A 'second' step (Rule 2) includes identifying as related ancestors of any data identified as related, e.g., in the first step, unless that ancestor conflicts with the criteria.
Depending upon the nature of the gene introduced in the animal or ancestor thereof at an embryonic stage, the transgenic animals are leaner or more obese than non-transgenic animals of the same species.
This method comprises introducing into a non-human mammal or an ancestor thereof at an embryonic stage, a fusion gene comprising the above-mentioned sequence to produce transformed embryos.
For each leaf node in the tree, there is an ancestor chain of nodes (from child to parent, from parent to grand-parent, from grand-parent to great-grand-parent, ... and so on) that connects each leaf node to the root node.
It is possible to express a tree-type data structure so as to effectively trace the relationship between data in the tree-type data structure (for example, parent-child, ancestor, descendant, brothers, generations).
The set of ancestor pages are arranged such that a closest ancestor page in the set of ancestor pages appears first in a list of ancestor pages.